Capitalize the first letter of input textbox using Directive in Angular 6

To capitalize the first letter of the input textbox, we can create a custom directive in the Angular application.

Attribute Directive vs Structural Directive :

The directive which we are going to create is an Attribute Directive because we are manipulating only the behavior of the DOM element. There is one more type of directive which manipulates the DOM (add or remove DOM elements) known as a Structural Directive.

In this example, I have created a custom directive TitleCaseDirective.

TitleCaseDirective.ts (Attribute Directive)

import { Directive, ElementRef, HostListener  } from '@angular/core';

  selector: '[appTitleCase]'
export class TitleCaseDirective {

  constructor(private el: ElementRef) {

  @HostListener('blur') onBlur() {
    if (this.el.nativeElement.value) {
      const arr: string[] = this.el.nativeElement.value.split('');
      arr[0] = arr[0].toUpperCase();
      this.el.nativeElement.value = arr.join('');

Use of Directive in Component Template

<input appTitleCase type="text" class="form-control" />

This custom directive will now turn the first letter to uppercase once the user loses focus from the input.

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